In the last 20 years, the incidence of premature births has been increasing worldwide. It is estimated that one in ten newborns is born prematurely and that one million infants die each year from premature birth while survivors face a lifetime of learning, hearing or visual disabilities, with one of the major complications being retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).
ROP is an eye disease that affects premature babies and causes blood vessels to grow abnormally inside the retina. This can cause vision problems or blindness.
With this in mind, Carmen Carranza Mendizabal and Mariela Diaz Manrique, graduates of the Professional Career of Human Medicine; as part of their research to obtain the professional title under the modality of Thesis in article format and Dr. Salomon Huancahuire, Michael White and Percy Ruiz Mamani, teachers of the Universidad Peruana Unión, published the research article entitled «Incidence and risk factors associated with Retinopathy of prematurity in Peru», on Monday, May 24.
The publication was made in a Scopus indexed journal in Q2 in which it mentions that the purpose of the study was to determine retinopathy of prematurity, prevalence and possible risk factors in newborns admitted to a neonatal unit.
For this purpose, a retrospective case study was carried out that included 216 premature newborns from the neonatal unit of the Hipólito Unanue National Hospital of the Ministry of Health (MINSA). Data were collected between January 2016 and December 2018.
The research study concluded that the prevention of preterm births and the promotion of breastfeeding are two ways to prevent retinopathy of prematurity.
We congratulate the graduates and faculty researchers for their collaborative work.